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Poor workers trying to feed families jailed, abused in coronavirus lockdowns

By on October 19, 2020

first_imgRaju, a vegetable vendor in New Delhi, said a policeman struck him on his back and calves repeatedly – despite his attempts to explain that selling food was an essential service exempted from lockdown rules.”He would not listen. He just kept beating me. So, I quickly turned around and limped back home,” said the vendor who declined to give his full name. “My bruises are still visible.”Indian opposition lawmaker Shashi Tharoor has written to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, urging the government to rein in police brutality, saying it showed the country’s law enforcement “in a very poor light”.Modi asked the nation’s poor for forgiveness for the hardship caused by the lockdown after it began on March 25, when the government also announced a $22.6 billion economic stimulus plan to provide cash and food handouts to the poor.Cages, hot sun In the Philippines, informal workers like rickshaw drivers were also among some 20,000 people arrested for violating curfews, said Manila-based urban poor campaign group Kadamay.”They would rather catch the virus outside than dying from hunger at home,” said Gloria Arellano, the charity’s chairwoman.”There are people who are just drinking water to survive. We will see more urban poor, this is already happening.”President Rodrigo Duterte warned violators of coronavirus lockdown measures last week that they could be shot for causing trouble after media reports of protests in Manila about insufficient government food aid.Curfew violators have been confined to dog cages and made to sit under the midday sun as punishment, advocacy group Human Rights Watch said.Its researcher Carlos Conde said government measures like cash subsidies to cushion the blow were inadequate for many low-income and informal workers who have no savings or insurance.”These daily wage earners and their families, they live a hand-to-mouth existence,” Conde said from Manila.”The government is facing social upheavals like this if they do not meet the needs of poor Filipinos, particularly if they continue to arrest and lock up those who are out on the streets to find food,” he added in emailed comments.The United Nations has warned the coronavirus pandemic could trigger a global economic crisis, destroying up to 25 million jobs if governments do not shield workers from the impact. “They have been hit hard not only due to the economic factor, but now also got trapped and entangled in such a legal quagmire,” Pillai, who is giving the men free legal assistance, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone.Labor rights activists across Asia have criticized strict lockdowns to contain the flu-like virus – which has infected about 1.3 million people and caused more than 70,000 deaths globally – for their impact on vulnerable workers.Social media has been flooded with videos of baton-wielding police in India beating people, including migrant workers and rickshaw pullers, for breaking a three-week lockdown, as well as making them do squats and deflating their tires.New Delhi’s police spokesman has denied that officers used excessive force and said they were trying to ensure people followed rules. Topics :center_img Poor workers have been arrested and beaten by police for trying to put food on the table during coronavirus lockdowns, prompting warnings on Tuesday of social upheaval if aid is not delivered.In Malaysia, two men who usually earn about 100 ringgit ($23) a day fixing roofs have been jailed for three months after they were caught fishing for food in violation of an official stay-home order, sparking a public outcry.”Police told them to leave. They said they have to fish to feed their family – they don’t have a job now, they have no money,” said their lawyer Balakrishna Balaravi Pillai, adding the men were jailed because they could not afford to pay a fine.last_img read more

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Indonesian dentists walk on tightrope as practices forced to close due to COVID-19

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first_imgCandra Juniar Amiarno, a 38-year-old dentist living in East Jakarta, was forced to stop practicing after the COVID-19 outbreak hit the country in early March.“I was not allowed to practice by my mother because the risk for dentists was very high,” she told The Jakarta Post on Wednesday. “I’m honestly scared [to continue my dental practice during the outbreak].”As dozens of doctors and medical workers have been exposed and killed fighting the outbreak, dentists were also putting their lives on the line as the Indonesian Dentists Association (PDGI) announced that at least six dentists had died due to the pneumonia-like illness. Read also: Coronavirus found in air samples up to 4 meters from patientsHananto said most dentists had complied with the warning, adding that only 30 percent of all dentists in Jakarta were still practicing in hospitals to handle emergencies, such as oral bleeding and severe dental pain.While limiting dental practices is seen as necessary to ensure safety and curb transmissions, the policy has also caused dentists to lose their source of income.“[My income] has been severely affected, as fewer hours mean a smaller income,” Candra said.Pedestrians walk on a bridge in Jakarta on April 9. Jakarta has applied large-scale social restrictions, which will be enforced until midnight on April 24 and could be extended. (JP/ Seto Wardhana )Diana Kusriyanti, a 42-year-old dentist living in Tangerang, also said her monthly revenue had dropped by almost 90 percent.“My income has decreased while basic necessities have become more expensive. My mortgage and credit obligations cannot be fulfilled either,” she told the Post on Wednesday.Seeing the dire financial situation of dentists, Hananto advised doctors to be patient and start living frugally, reminding that the outbreak had also economically impacted workers in other industries.“I’ve closed my dental practice for more than three weeks now, so I’ve started living modestly and avoiding excess,” he said. “We will manage as long as we start managing our spending better and save money,”. “It is better than me insisting on opening up my dental practice and contracting the disease. If that happened, my family and I would regret that for life,”. He added.Hananto also said the inability to make payments had also affected many new dentists that had invested in new dental equipment and office space.He, however, noted that the government had issued a policy to extend loan payment deadlines for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) for up to one year to help them cope with the effects of the outbreak. Read also: Indonesia’s COVID-19 stimulus playbook explainedPresident Joko “Jokowi” Widodo said the new relaxation would apply to business loans worth up to Rp 10 billion (US$619,118), both from banks and non-bank institutions.“The association has also requested that postponement of installments as dentists are only treating emergency cases now,” Hananto said.He also reminded dentists still practicing to always wear  personal protective equipment (PPE), adding that the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) and the COVID-19 task force had been donating PPE to the association.“Keep our families safe by not practicing for now. Hopefully, this COVID-19 outbreak will pass and we can practice as usual,” he said.As of Monday morning, the country had recorded 4,241 cases of COVID-19 with 373 fatalities and 359 recoveries, as published by the Health Ministry on its official website on emerging diseases, infeksiemerging.kemkes.go.id.Topics : PDGI chair Sri Hananto Seno said dental and oral examination left patients, dentists and assistants vulnerable to contracting the disease as they were exposed to droplets, which were the main method of transmission.“[The droplets] can end up on the clothes of dentists and assistants, which can cause transmission between them and other patients coming in for an examination,” Hananto told the Post on Thursday.Candra also said that using drills during a dental examination could spread very fine water particles in the air that could carry the coronavirus for up to three hours, requiring the whole dental examination room and equipment to be disinfected every 30 minutes.Minding the danger, the association has advised the public to only see dentists for emergency and serious dental problems during the outbreak. In the meantime, it also has urged dentists to reduce their hours, especially those above 60 years old.last_img read more

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Digital companies should adopt ISO cyber security standard, say IT experts

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first_img“If a company meets the ISO standard, the chance for a data breach becomes extremely small. Even if there is a breach, we could trace the breach’s source and figure out what went wrong,” he said.However, in order to be certified for the standard, a digital company must hire a third-party security auditor to analyze its security system, which is not possible for small start-ups.“We are always striving to adopt the highest level of security. However, it’s very expensive for start-up companies to adopt ISO standards,” Indonesia E-Commerce Association’s (idEA) government relation manager Rofi Uddarojat said during the discussion.Even if a company has received the certification or has an independent security auditor to routinely analyze its security system, Tony said many Indonesian companies did not improve their security systems in line with the audit results.“From my experience, many institutions ignore [audit results]. If there’s a breach, I believe it’s not because the auditor missed the security gap but rather because their assessment was not followed up by the institutions,” he said.During the discussion, Rofi also criticized the draft of a Communications and Information Ministry regulation that follows PP No.17/2019, for bureaucratizing data placement.While the PP gives companies the option to choose whether to store their data inside the country or abroad, Article 6 of the ministry regulation requires private companies to obtain a permit from the minister to store their data abroad, according to the latest draft released on March 10.“While we appreciate the PP for giving us the freedom to store our data inside the country or abroad, there seems to be an attempt at bureaucratization in the draft regulation,” Rofi said. Topics : Tokopedia said its internal database had been breached by an unidentified party in March, resulting in a massive data leak of the personal information of more than 15 million users.Communications and Information Minister Johnny G. Plate urged on May 15 companies to improve their cybersecurity systems following the breach, saying that the country’s digital economy was “under attack”.While PP No.71/2019 does mandate digital service providers to “ensure the safety of information and internal communication systems,” Tony said it stopped short of setting a minimum safety standard for data protection.He said digital companies should meet the requirements of the ISO27001 standard, which measures and evaluates information security management systems, in order to provide adequate data safety for their users.center_img Calls for digital companies to implement stronger data protection measures are growing following recent reports of a data breach against Indonesia’s e-commerce unicorn Tokopedia.Experts have argued that the data protection bill, which is currently being debated at the House of Representatives (DPR), should set a minimum-security standard for digital companies, as the current regulation does not stipulate the technicalities of data protection.“If we take a look at Government Regulation (PP) No.71, the government did not regulate the technicalities of data protection,” IT expert Tony Seno Hartono said in an online discussion on April 20,  referring to PP No.71/2019 on the implementation of electronic systems and transactions.last_img read more

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Human Rights Watch urges authorities to free Papuan activists on trial for 2019 protests

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first_imgTopics : Human Rights Watch (HRW) has called on the authorities to drop all charges and release seven Papuan activists and students accused of treason for their involvement in antiracism protests in Jayapura, Papua, in August 2019.HRW said in a statement on Thursday that the #BlackLivesMatter protests in the United States in recent years “have reverberated in Indonesia as Melanesian people, including ethnic Papuans and Moluccans, face racial discrimination from Indonesian authorities”.“Papuan and Moluccan opposition to Indonesian rule and oppressive Indonesian military and police actions has often been met with further abuses,” the statement said. “Prosecutors should release these Papuan activists, who have suffered enough by being jailed for months far from home for peaceful acts of free expression.” HRW Asia director Brad Adams argued that the Indonesian police had created a revolving door by arresting Papuan activists for peaceful protests and this needed to stop.Read also: ‘#PapuanLivesMatter’: George Floyd’s death hits close to home in Indonesia“Indonesian authorities should recognize that given the global attention to the Black Lives Matter movement, sending peaceful activists to prison will only bring more international attention to human rights concerns in Papua,” Adams is quoted as saying in the statement.The statement comes as judges in a Balikpapan court in East Kalimantan are scheduled to issue verdicts in three separate trials of the seven activists this week. Last week, prosecutors at the Balikpapan district court demanded five to 17 years’ imprisonment for the defendants.center_img Police arrested the seven defendants, namely Buchtar Tabuni, Agus Kossay, Stevanus Itlay, Ferry Gombo, Alexander Gobai, Irwanus Uropmabin and Hengki Hilapok, in Jayapura in September. In October, the authorities transferred them more than 3,000 kilometers away to be tried in Balikpapan for “security reasons.”The seven activists had been involved in massive antiracism protests in Jayapura that came in response to an incident where Papuan university students living in a dormitory in Surabaya, East Java, were subjected to physical and verbal attacks by security personnel and members of mass organizations, who accused the students of refusing to celebrate Indonesia’s 74th Independence Day.Read also: Lampung university students face intimidation over discussion on discrimination against PapuansSecurity personnel reportedly banged on the dormitory’s door while shouting insults referring to the students as monkeys, pigs and dogs.The death of George Floyd, an African-American man who died while being arrested in the US, and the ensuing global outcry has sparked renewed public discourse about racism against Papuans in Indonesia.last_img read more

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Gunmen attack Pakistani stock exchange, six killed: Police

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first_imgTopics : Four gunmen attacked the Pakistani Stock Exchange building in the city of Karachi on Monday but security forces killed them all, police said.Two other people were also killed, the military said, adding that security forces were conducting a sweep for any remaining attackers.The gunmen attacked the building, which is in a high security zone that also houses the head offices of many private banks, with grenades and guns, said Ghulam Nabi Memon, chief of police in Pakistan’s biggest city and its financial hub. “Four attackers have been killed, they had come in a silver Corolla car,” Memon told Reuters.There was no immediate claim of responsibility.The gunmen initially threw a grenade at security men posted outside the stock exchange compound then opened fire on a security post. The four were killed when security forces posted there responded.Pakistan has long been plagued by Islamist militant violence but attacks have become less frequent in recent years after military operations against various factions in strongholds along the Afghan border.center_img The Pakistan Stock Exchange did not suspend trading during the attack, its managing director, Furrukh Khan, said.A Counter-Terrorism Department official told Reuters the attackers were carrying significant quantities of ammunition and grenades in backpacks.Apart from Islamist militants, Pakistan has also had to contend with separatist insurgents in Balochistan and Sindh provinces.Separatists were responsible for an attack on the Chinese consulate in Karachi in 2018.This month, three explosions on the same day claimed by a little-known separatist group killed four people including two soldiers in the southern province of Sindh, of which Karachi is capital.last_img read more

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UN trade meet is chance to reset world economy: Host

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first_imgThe postponed ministerial gathering of the UN Conference on Trade and Development will take place in Barbados in April 2021, organizers said Wednesday, tasked with rebuilding economies battered by the coronavirus crisis.The quadrennial UNCTAD conference will be a “window of opportunity” to reset the way international trade operates, organizers said.The UN organization’s 15th ministerial conference was initially scheduled for October 2020 in Barbados but was postponed because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Besides the climbing death toll — now above 700,000 — the pandemic has caused deep economic damage around the world.”The global trading system has been woefully unprepared for this global health crisis,” said UNCTAD Secretary-General Mukhisa Kituyi.”UNCTAD 15 will shape the ambitions for a better recovery. Countries have realized the devastating limits of current development practices,” the Kenyan former trade minister said.”This gives us a window of opportunity to build the political will towards the systemic changes needed for truly better recovery, despite the current steep obstacles to international solidarity,” he said.According to UNCTAD’s estimates, developing countries need $2.5 trillion immediately to start tackling the damage caused by the pandemic. Topics :center_img It will now be held in the Caribbean island’s capital Bridgetown next April 25-30.”The COVID-19 global emergency and its extreme repercussions have exposed the need for a fundamental rethinking of many of the assumptions that previously underpinned the international economic order,” Mia Mottley, the prime minster of Barbados, said at a virtual signing ceremony for the hosting agreement.”The crisis has provided the UNCTAD membership with a unique opportunity to be at the forefront of the new thinking and radical policy corrections that the situation now requires,” she added.The conference is the highest decision-making body of Geneva-based UNCTAD, which counts 195 member states and reports to the UN General Assembly.last_img read more

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Jokowi honors critics Fadli Zon, Fahri Hamzah

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first_img“According to the notification from the House, our appointment was made because we were a part of the House leadership,” he said.Having served as a lawmaker for 15 years, Fahri started his political career as an MPR member during the transition period from former president BJ Habibie to former president Abdurahman “Gus Dur” Wahid in early 2000s. The former student activist is also popular for his Twitter wit.Indonesia Political Review executive director Ujang Komarudin saw the medals as the government’s attempt to compromise with its critics.”The government wants the political climate to be more productive, especially now that both Fadli and Fahri seem to have gotten closer to the government,” he said.Ujang added that less criticism could also affect public perception ahead of the 2020 regional elections, in which several children of people in power, including Jokowi and Vice President Ma’ruf Amin, are running for office.“Fadli’s party is already in the government coalition and we’ve seen Fahri approaching the government through [a new political party] recently,” he said, referring to Fahri’s visit to the State Palace on July 20.Read also: Jokowi’s power consolidation buries outspoken oppositionFadli and Fahri have been absent from the public sphere after Jokowi consolidated power at the beginning of his second term last year, effectively reducing the opposition in the House by over a third. They are no longer as vocal as before, despite still making public appearances and remaining active on social media.UI political observer Cecep Hidayat said there was nothing unusual about awarding the medals to Fadli and Fahri as it did not violate any regulations, noting that the move would not have a significant impact on them.“It’s not like giving away seats in the government. The medals are a symbol of appreciation for Fadli’s and Fahri’s roles [as lawmakers].”Cecep also believes that Fadli and Fahri would not be silenced after receiving the medals.“It seems highly unlikely that they will shut their mouths just because of the medals.”Presidential Secretariat head Heru Budi Hartono said the office had gone through the proper procedures in awarding the medals, which included verifying the recipients’ achievements and contributions.The President also awarded the Bintang Jasa Utama, the first class of the Bintang Jasa, to six recipients, namely former House of Representatives speaker Bambang Soesatyo of the Golkar Party, MPR deputy speakers Ahmad Basarah of the ruling Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) and Ahmad Muzani of the Gerindra Party, as well as former House deputy speaker Utut Adianto of the PDI-P. Fadli, who is currently still serving as a lawmaker in the House for the 2019-2024 period, is deputy chairman of the Gerindra Party, a party in Jokowi’s coalition that was part of the government opposition before the 2019 general election.  He was known as an influential student activist during his undergraduate years at the University of Indonesia (UI). He entered the national political scene following his appointment as a member of the People’s Representatives Assembly (MPR) representing the youth between 1997 and 1999.“Despite challenges and conflicts, we have carried out our duties according to the Constitution,” Fadli said on Monday, assuming the President was considering his success in leading the House in 2014 to 2019.Fahri, who has parted ways with the opposition Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) and is no longer a lawmaker, also said he might be honored because of his service at the House.     Topics :center_img President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo honored on Thursday two of his most fervent critics and former House of Representatives deputy speakers, Fadli Zon and Fahri Hamzah, with Bintang Mahaputera Nararya medals, one of the country’s highest civilian honors.According to the Honors and Awards Law, Bintang Mahaputera medals are bestowed on individuals who have demonstrated distinguished services in various fields that contribute significantly to the state and the nation’s development, welfare and prosperity.Both seasoned politicians, Fadli and Fahri, were known as outspoken opposition figures and critics of Jokowi’s policies during the President’s first term.last_img read more

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Trump says he is willing to spend his own money to win re-election

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first_imgUS President Donald Trump, facing the possibility of a cash crunch, said on Tuesday he would spend “whatever it takes” of his own money to finance his 2020 presidential campaign against Democrat Joe Biden if he had to.The Republican president, who trails Biden in opinion polls ahead of the Nov. 3 election, told reporters before taking off for a trip to Florida that the campaign had double or triple what it had in 2016 but he would spend his own money if needed.”If I have to, I would,” Trump said. Trump campaign manager Bill Stepien, who took over from Brad Parscale in mid-July, told reporters on a campaign press call on Tuesday that “we are now carefully monitoring the budget.”Stepien said the campaign will have more resources to spend than it had in Trump’s 2016 victory and that “we’re very comfortable and confident” in how money is now being spent.Trump, under pressure for his handling of the coronavirus pandemic, on Tuesday was traveling to two states critical to his re-election: Florida and North Carolina.With many Republicans pointing fingers at Parscale for spending heavily earlier in the campaign, Trump defended him in a tweet.The president said that due to the virus, his campaign was forced to spend a lot earlier this year to counter what he felt was negative news coverage.”We did, and are doing, a GREAT job, and have a lot of money left over, much more than 2016,” he wrote. Topics :center_img The New York Times reported that Trump’s initial financial supremacy over former Vice President Biden earlier this year had evaporated, and that of the $1.1 billion his campaign and the party raised from the beginning of 2019 through July, more than $800 million already had been spent.Biden and the Democratic National Committee raised a combined $364.5 million in August, shattering the monthly record for fundraising by a presidential campaign. Trump and Republicans have not announced their August haul.Trump, who was a wealthy New York-based real estate developer before entering politics, was asked how much he might have to spend from his own personal fortune. He had to dip into his own money in 2016 to help pay for his campaign.”Whatever it takes. We have to win. This is the most important election in the history of our country,” he said.last_img read more

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France probes doctors prescribing antibiotics for autism

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first_imgFrench prosecutors said Thursday that they had opened an inquiry into dozens of doctors prescribing antibiotics and other drugs as a purported treatment for autism in children, potentially endangering their health.The investigation comes after an alert by France’s ANSM medicines watchdog that doctors were prescribing long-term courses of antibiotics and drugs against metal poisoning to autistic children.According to Olivia Cattan, who heads the help group SOS Autisme and has written a book on the practice, some 50 doctors in France are thought to be treating up to 5,000 children this way. Topics : Such prescriptions have been linked to controversial ideas from Nobel Medicine Prize laureate Luc Montagnier, honored in 2008 for his co-discovery of the virus that causes AIDS, but frequently dismissed by the medical community for his unconventional ideas in recent years.The Paris prosecutor’s office said its public health department has been entrusted with the probe into charges of “endangering the lives of others” and “offences related to research involving human beings.”On Tuesday, the ANSM said it had referred the matter, flagged by Cattan, to prosecutors after collecting evidence including parents’ testimony and prescription sheets.The watchdog said the children were prescribed antibiotics, anti-fungal, anti-parasitic or anti-viral drugs, as well as treatments for heavy metal ingestion that are normally reserved for use in case of poisoning.center_img The ANSM “formally advises against these uses, for which these drugs have not shown to be effective and which put these children at risk, particularly with prolonged use.”Effects can include digestive, cardiovascular and skin disorders, while misuse of antibiotics can lead to drug resistance that undermines the effectiveness of future treatments.The ANSM has also alerted French doctors’ and pharmacists’ associations.Montagnier has repeatedly suggested that infection may be what causes autism, and set up much-criticized experiments to prove it.He has claimed that parents and doctors have observed benefits from long-term antibiotic treatment, but most medical professionals remain skeptical of the assertion.Montagnier is not the only French medical expert to court controversy with unorthodox treatments.Didier Raoult, a doctor in the southern city of Marseille, has been promoting hydroxychloroquine, usually used in cases of malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, as a treatment for Covid-19 — a remedy vaunted by Donald Trump but shot down by clinical research.last_img read more

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Madrid emergency looms over lockdown chaos

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first_imgImposed on Oct.2, the restrictions barred residents of the capital and nine nearby towns from leaving the city limits except for work, school or on medical grounds, and also imposed an 11:00 pm curfew on bars and restaurants. Ahead of the cabinet meeting, Madrid government leader Isabel Diaz Ayuso, a member of the conservative Popular Party, was locked in talks with her administration to decide what to do. In a phone conversation late on Thursday, Sanchez told her the region could issue an order validating the restrictions or ask the central government to impose a state of emergency to ratify the measures. The third option was for the central government to impose such a measure, he told her, saying that in all three cases, the restrictions would remain the same.  With Sanchez away at a ceremony in Barcelona with King Felipe VI, the cabinet meeting was to be chaired by Carmen Calvo, one of his deputies. “We have been continually reaching out to the region to deal with the situation to ensure that these measures are kept in place in order to contain the pandemic in Madrid,” Calvo said ahead of the meeting. “We have only one objective: to protect Madrid.. If the community cannot do it, we will.”Despite opposing the partial lockdown of the capital, mainly on economic grounds, Diaz Ayuso urged residents to stay within city limits, especially over the forthcoming three-day weekend for Spain’s National Day on Oct.12.”We remain in a situation where incidence of the virus remains very, very high,” national emergencies coordinator Fernando Simon warned on Thursday, urging people to act responsibly. “If people go to their second residence in the mountains, or go on holiday even within the region, it implies risk.” Meanwhile, a group of scientific and medical organizations representing 170,000 professionals published a letter online pleading for an end to the political infighting.”You must accept, once and for all, that to deal with the pandemic, key decisions must be based on the best-available scientific evidence and completely disconnected from the ongoing political confrontation,” it said.By late morning the petition, which was published on change.org, had been signed by nearly 100,000 people. The court refused to ratify the restrictions on grounds they were imposed by the central government and not by the regional authorities. The infection rate in the region of Madrid currently stands at 564 cases per 100,000 people, compared with just 257 in the rest of Spain, which is the highest in the European Union. Topics :center_img Spain’s cabinet was to open urgent talks on Friday to consider imposing a state of emergency in Madrid after judges overturned a partial lockdown that was opposed by the regional authorities.Thursday’s bombshell court decision in effect canceled restrictions covering some 4.5 million people in and around the capital, where the rate of infections is twice the national average. Caught in a bitter standoff with Madrid’s rightwing administration which opposes the restrictions, Spain’s socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has issued an ultimatum: either the region passes the measures itself, or the government declares a state of emergency to push them through. last_img read more

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